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Renault Trucks

History


THE RENAULT TRUCKS story
Video : https://youtu.be/ilxktZaSO1I
Discover the history of Renault Trucks… from 1894 to today

Marius Berliet

Born in 1866, employed in the modest family hat band factory, designed and made a one-cylinder engine in 1894 and, a year later, built his first petroleum-powered automobile in a shed. Its width was dictated by the width of the garden gate!


Louis Renault

Born in 1877, the son of a cloth manufacturer started doing mechanical work in a modest shed in Billancourt near Paris. At 21, he designed a four-speed gearbox including one with direct drive that was patented, then came out with his first small automobile powered by a 1/4-hp engine.


1894-1909 – The pioneering epoch

Marius was almost a man from the South – from Lyons’ Croix-Rousse district to be exact. Louis was born in Paris. But both liked the shady banks by their native rivers – the Rhône for Marius, the Seine for Louis. The paths of Marius and Louis seem parallels but Marius’ beginning was more difficult. His first order was placed in 1894 by a certain Mr. Porte – a silk manufacturer from Lyon – who paid him a 10,000-franc deposit. After three years’ labour, when the Berliet truck was delivered to him, the customer/sponsor left both the car and the money to Marius! But Marius had to face up to his father’s disagreement and a lack of resources before being able to buy the Audibert and Lavirotte workshops, the embryo of his future Lyon-Monplaisir plant. Louis had more luck. On Christmas Eve 1898, he drove Maître Viot, a lawyer friend of his father and guest at the party, up the Butte Montmartre in his small automobile. When they got back, his passenger bought it from him for 40 louis. All the guests wanted to try it out in turn, and Louis got twelve orders that night. A real Christmas story! So in 1899, in order to build these automobiles, he set up the Renault Frères company with his brothers Marcel and Fernand. The First World War filled their two order books. At Berliet, trucks were made every day to feed the fleet of vehicles that flocked to the Verdun front. The 600 Renault cabs which contributed to the Marne victory made the company go down in history

1914-1918 – Mass production begins

At Berliet, 40 CBA trucks were manufactured every day to join the vehicles heading to the front at Verdun. At Renault, in addition to cars, aircraft engine and gun carriages were leaving the Boulogne Billancourt factory. In 1917, “the diamond brand” designed the first modern tank. 30 of these were produced a day by Renault and 16 by Berliet at their plant in Vénissieux. The first 4x4 truck was built in 1915 by Latil – an obvious development following the invention of the front-wheel drive in 1898.

1919-1939 – Diversifying for the future

Louis Renault and Marius Berliet, geniuses in their field, continued to build their automotive group, but the post-war years were hard ones. Sales dropped because of a glut on the market. In 1925, Renault was the first brand to offer a road tractor fitted with a servo brake. The two manufacturers also offered vehicles powered by gas generators as part of the state strategy to promote other forms of energy then petroleum. But the great revolution during this period was the introduction in 1930 of the diesel engine, which transformed road transport. Thanks to its low running cost and power at low speed, it was to prove ideal for transporting goods.

1952-1978 –Mergers in the French truck industry

Between 1952 and 1974, Laffly, Rochet-Schneider, Camiva and Citroën Poids lourds were taken over by Berliet which, in 1957 built the T100, the world’s biggest truck! In 1955 SAVIEM was born from the merger of Latil, the Renault Truck department and Somua. SAVIEM subsequently welcomes two new partners – Richard Continental, in 1965, and Sinpar in 1975. In 1978, Berliet and SAVIEM merged to create the sole French truck manufacturer which, in 1978, became Renault Véhicules Industriels, the commercial vehicle branch of the Renault group.

An international player

Renault Véhicules Industriels continued to build a powerful international group by acquiring Dodge Europe in 1983 and then the legendary American brand Mack in 1990. 1992 saw an important new development when Renault Véhicules Industriels became “Renault V.I.”. In 2001, Renault V.I. became a part of the Volvo Group, and the following year adopted the new trade name of “Renault Trucks”.

Renault Trucks’ Key Advantages:

- Outstanding ground clearance
- Three part sheel metal bumpers with engine protection guard.
- Reinforced parabolic leaves on the front and parabolic leaf springs on the rear
- Air Filter: for dusty atmospheric conditions, with cyclonic pre filter
- Diesel Filter : with high-capacity water decanter






UNIQUE PRODUCT FEATURES


11L/ 13 L ENGINE
EURO III, HP 380 - 500 and engine brake 300 kw - 414 kw


OPTI DRIVER
Best robotised gearbox on the market in Xtrem and Xtended version


300x90x8 MM REINFORCED CHASSIS
with extra 5 mm inner layer on entire length


100 % STEEL BUMPER
in 3 parts with foldaway step for access to windscreen


UP TO 32°APPROACH ANGLE
The best on the market


HIGHEST GROUND CLEARANCE
of 415 mm under axle for maximum mobility


CYCLONIC AIR
pre-filtration for dust atmosphere


PROTECTION SHIELDS on parts exposed to shocks.
OPTIDRIVER XTREM AND EXTENDED designed for mining and quarrying (extra-low speed available).
100% STEELBUMPER in three sections to reduce maintenance costs.
CYCLONIC AIRFILTER reinforced to reduce the need for maintenance and allow for intensive daily use of the engine.
CHASSIS WITH REINFORCED SIDE MEMBERS to guarantee the mechanical strength of the frame.
XTREM 38T SUSPENSION 4-blade leaf spring suspension.





TRUCKS SPECIFICATIONS

K440 R6x4 XTREM 45T

Engine DXi 11 Euro III
Maximum Power kW 320 kW at 1900 rpm
Maximum Torque Nm 2000 Nm from 1100 to 1400 rpm
GVW Total Kg 45,000
Maximum Weight Front Axle 1 Kg 9,000
Rear Axle 1 Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 2 Kg 18,000
Gearbox Optidriver ATO 2612F
12 Forward and 3 Reverse Gears. Choice of mode of use on steering wheel (automatic/manual).
Retarder Optibrake 300kW at 2300 rpm
Brake System Drum brakes with two independent circuits. EBS, ABS, Hill Start Aid, Electronic Parking Brake, Emergency Brake. Automatic brake lining slack compensation.
Clutch Single-plate 430 mm
Rear Axles PMR 3361R Double reduction wit differential lock
Axle Ratio 7.21.
Capacity 36T
Wheelbase mm 4300
Wheel and Tyres 325/95 R24 Tube Type
Suspension Front 3-leaf reinforced leaf springs
Rear 4-leaf parabolic rear springs 38T
Cabin Day Cab
Fuel Tanks L 380
Fifth Wheel -
Exhaust Outlet Vertical

K440 T6x4 XTREM 45T

Engine DXi 13 Euro III
Maximum Power kW 320 kW at 1900 rpm
Maximum Torque Nm 2000 Nm from 1100 to 1400 rpm
GVW Total Kg 45,000
GCW Total Kg 80,000
Maximum Weight Front Axle 1 Kg 9,000
Rear Axle 1 Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 2 Kg 18,000
Gearbox Optidriver ATO 2612F
12 Forward and 3 Reverse Gears
Retarder Optibrake 300kW at 2300 rpm
Brake System Drum brakes with two independent circuits. EBS, ABS, Hill Start Aid, Electronic Parking Brake, Emergency Brake. Automatic brake lining slack compensation. Clutch Single-plate 430 mm
Rear Axles PMR 3361R Double reduction wit differential lock.
Axle Ratio 7.21
Capacity 36T
Wheelbase mm 3600
Wheel and Tyres 325/95 R24 Tube Type
Suspension Front 3-leaf reinforced leaf springs
Rear 4-leaf parabolic rear springs 38T
Cabin Day Cab
Fuel Tanks L 380
Fifth wheel Single oscillation, 38C1 2”
Exhaust Outlet Vertical

K460 R6x6 XTREM 45T



Engine DXi 13 Euro III
Maximum Power kW 331 kW from 1450 to 1800 rpm
Maximum Torque Nm 2200 Nm from 1050 to 1400 rpm
GVW Total Kg 45,000
Maximum Weight Front Axle 1 Kg 9,000
Rear Axle 1 Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 2 Kg 18,000
Gearbox Optidriver ATO 2614F
14 Forward, 2 Crawler Gears and 5 Reverse Gears including 1 Reverse Crawler Gear. Choice of mode of use on steering wheel (automatic/manual).
Retarder Optibrake+ 414kW at 2300 rpm
Brake System Drum brakes with two independent circuits. EBS, ABS, Hill Start Aid, Electronic Parking Brake, Emergency Brake. Automatic brake lining slack compensation.
Transfer Box BT C 2501
Clutch Single-plate 430 mm
Rear Axles PMR 3361R Double reduction wit differential lock.
Axle Ratio 7.21
Capacity 36T
Wheelbase mm 3600
Wheel and Tyres 325/95 R24 Tube Type
Suspension Front 3-leaf reinforced leaf springs
Rear 4-leaf parabolic rear springs 38T
Cabin Day Cab
Fuel Tanks L 380
Fifth wheel Double oscillation, 38G1 3.5”
Exhaust Outlet Vertical

K460 T6x6 XTREM 45T

Engine DXi 13 Euro III
Maximum Power kW 331 kW from 1450 to 1800 rpm
Maximum Torque Nm 2200 Nm from 1050 to 1400 rpm
GVW Total Kg 45,000
GCW Total Kg 100,000
Maximum Weight Front Axle 1 Kg 9,000
Rear Axle 1 Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 2 Kg 18,000
Gearbox Optidriver Xtrem ATO 2614F
14 Forward, 2 Crawler Gears and 5 Reverse Gears including 1 Reverse Crawler Gear. Choice of mode of use on steering wheel (automatic/manual).
Retarder Optibrake+ 414kW at 2300 rpm
Brake System Drum brakes with two independent circuits. EBS, ABS, Hill Start Aid, Electronic Parking Brake, Emergency Brake. Automatic brake lining slack compensation.
Transfer Box BT C 2501
Clutch Single-plate 430 mm
Rear Axles PMR 3361R Double reduction with differential lock.
Axle Ratio 7.21
Capacity 36T
Wheelbase mm 3600
Wheel and Tyres 325/95 R24 Tube Type
Suspension Front 3-leaf reinforced leaf springs
Rear 4-leaf parabolic rear springs 38T
Cabin Day Cab
Fuel Tanks L 380
Fifth wheel Double oscillation, 38G1 3.5”
Exhaust Outlet Vertical

K460 R8x4 XTREM 54T


Engine DXi 13 Euro III
Maximum Power kW 331 kW from 1450 to 1800 rpm
Maximum Torque Nm 2200 Nm from 1050 to 1400 rpm
GVW Total Kg 54,000
Maximum Weight Front Axles Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 1 Kg 18,000
Rear Axle 2 Kg 18,000
Gearbox Optidriver Xtrem ATO 2612F
12 Forward, and 3 Reverse Gears. Choice of mode of use on steering wheel (automatic/manual).
Retarder Optibrake+ 414kW at 2300 rpm
Brake System Drum brakes with two independent circuits. EBS, ABS, Hill Start Aid, Electronic Parking Brake, Emergency Brake. Automatic brake lining slack compensation.
Clutch Single-plate 430 mm
Rear Axles PMR 3361R Double reduction wit differential lock
Axle Ratio 7.21
Capacity 36T
Wheelbase mm 5600
Wheel and Tyres 325/95 R24 Tube Type
Suspension Front 3-leaf reinforced leaf springs
Rear 4-leaf parabolic rear springs 38T
Cabin Day Cab
Fuel Tanks L 380
Exhaust Outlet Vertical


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